Category Archives: conjugation

Verb faire to do, to make

Lesson on the Verb “Faire” (To Do, To Make)

Person Conjugation Pronunciation
je (I) fais /fe/
tu (you sg.) fais /fe/
il/elle (he/she) fait /fe/
nous (we) faisons /fe.zɔ̃/
vous (you pl.) faites /fɛt/
ils/elles (they) font /fɔ̃/

Usage:

The verb faire is frequently used to express an activity, profession, project, preparation, study, etc. When asking the question What are you doing? (Tu fais quoi? Qu’est-ce que tu fais? Que fais-tu?), there are many possible answers depending on the context. Here are the different uses of the verb faire.

Definitions and Examples:

1) Faire + household task

Examples:

  • Je fais le ménage.           I am doing the cleaning.
  • Je fais les courses.         I am doing the shopping.
  • Je fais la lessive.            I am doing the laundry.

2) Faire + studies

Examples:

  • Je fais mes devoirs.            I am doing my homework.
  • Je fais de l’anglais.            I am studying English.
  • Je fais du français.            I am studying French.

3) Faire = to prepare

Examples:

  • Je fais un gâteau.            I am making a cake.
  • Je fais un château de sable.            I am making a sandcastle.

4) Faire + de + activity (sports or leisure activities)

Examples:

  • Je fais du sport.            I am doing sports.
  • Je fais du judo.            I am doing judo.
  • Je fais de la danse.            I am dancing.
  • Je fais de l’équitation.         I am horseback riding.

5) Faire quoi dans la vie = What do you do for a living (profession)

Question:

  • Tu fais quoi dans la vie? What do you do for a living?

Answers:

  • Je suis employé(e).            I am employed.
  • Je suis étudiant(e).            I am a student.
  • Je suis retraité(e).            I am retired.
  • Je travaille comme serveur dans un café.            I work as a waiter in a cafe.

6) Faire quoi + project + time

Question:

  • Tu fais quoi demain?            What are you doing tomorrow?
  • Qu’est-ce que tu fais demain?            What are you doing tomorrow?
  • Que fais-tu demain?            What are you doing tomorrow?

Review the interrogative form in French.

Answer:

  • Demain, je fais un pique-nique.            Tomorrow, I am having a picnic.
  • Demain, je fais une randonnée avec des amis allemands.            Tomorrow, I am going hiking with German friends.

This lesson demonstrates the versatile uses of the verb faire in French, showing how it can be applied in various contexts from daily activities to professional life. Remember these examples as you practice speaking and writing in French.

verb prendre

Verb “Prendre” (To Take)

Lesson on the Verb “Prendre” (To Take)

Conjugation of “Prendre”

Below is a table showing how to conjugate the French verb “prendre” (to take) in the present tense, along with the pronunciation for each form. This will help you pronounce these forms correctly.

Person Present Tense Pronunciation
I (Je) prends [ pʀɑ̃ ]
You (Tu) prends [ pʀɑ̃ ]
He/She/It (Il/Elle/On) prend [ pʀɑ̃ ]
We (Nous) prenons [ pʀɘnɔ̃ ]
You (Vous) prenez [ pʀɘne ]
They (Ils/Elles) prennent [ pʀɛn ]

Definitions and Examples

1) To grasp or take something, to keep with oneself, to make one’s own

Examples:

  • Je prends le livre sur la table.     I take the book on the table.
  • Tu prends ta veste avant de sortir.     You take your jacket before going out.

2) To take something from someone, to appropriate, to steal

Examples:

  • Il prend le stylo de son ami.     He takes his friend’s pen.
  • Elle prend la place de son collègue.     She takes her colleague’s place.

3) To consume, to eat, to drink (e.g., to have a dessert), to swallow medication

Examples:

  • Nous prenons du café au petit déjeuner.      We have coffee for breakfast.
  • Vous prenez votre médicament après le dîner.     You take your medicine after dinner.

4) To use a means of transport (e.g., to take the train)

Examples:

  • Je prends le bus pour aller au travail.       I take the bus to go to work.
  • Ils prennent l’avion pour Paris.       They take the plane to Paris.

5) To buy, to choose

Examples:

  • Tu prends une robe bleue pour la fête.        You choose a blue dress for the party.
  • Elle prend deux kilos de pommes au marché.     She buys two kilograms of apples at the market.

6) To catch a cold

Examples:

  • Il prend froid après être sorti sous la pluie.     He catches a cold after going out in the rain.
  • Vous prenez facilement froid en hiver.     You easily catch cold in winter.

7) To write something down (e.g., to take notes)

Examples:

  • Nous prenons des notes pendant la conférence.     We take notes during the lecture.
  • Elles prennent l’adresse de l’hôtel.        They write down the hotel’s address.

This lesson demonstrates the versatility of the verb “prendre” in French, highlighting its varied uses in everyday language. As you practice these examples, remember the different contexts in which “prendre” can be used.

avoir conjugation

Avoir conjugation

Mastering ‘Avoir’: Essential French Verb Conjugation for English Speakers

‘Avoir’ (to have) is one of the most important verbs in the French language, not only for its meanings and uses as a main verb but also as an auxiliary verb used in many tenses. This guide aims to provide English-speaking learners with a comprehensive overview of the conjugation of ‘avoir’ across all tenses and moods, complete with English translations. Understanding ‘avoir’ is crucial for forming past tenses and expressing possession, making it a vital component of French grammar.

Présent de l’Indicatif (Present Tense)

Français Anglais
J’ai I have
Tu as You have
Il/Elle a He/She has
Nous avons We have
Vous avez You have
Ils/Elles ont They have

Imparfait de l’Indicatif (Imperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais I had
Tu avais You had
Il/Elle avait He/She had
Nous avions We had
Vous aviez You had
Ils/Elles avaient They had

Futur Simple de l’Indicatif (Future Simple Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai I will have
Tu auras You will have
Il/Elle aura He/She will have
Nous aurons We will have
Vous aurez You will have
Ils/Elles auront They will have

Passé Simple de l’Indicatif (Simple Past Tense)

Français Anglais
J’eus I had
Tu eus You had
Il/Elle eut He/She had
Nous eûmes We had
Vous eûtes You had
Ils/Elles eurent They had

Plus-que-parfait de l’Indicatif (Pluperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais eu I had had
Tu avais eu You had had
Il/Elle avait eu He/She had had
Nous avions eu We had had
Vous aviez eu You had had
Ils/Elles avaient eu They had had

Futur Antérieur de l’Indicatif (Future Perfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai eu I will have had
Tu auras eu You will have had
Il/Elle aura eu He/She will have had
Nous aurons eu We will have had
Vous aurez eu You will have had
Ils/Elles auront eu They will have had

Conditionnel Présent (Present Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais I would have
Tu aurais You would have
Il/Elle aurait He/She would have
Nous aurions We would have
Vous auriez You would have
Ils/Elles auraient They would have

Conditionnel Passé (Past Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais eu I would have had
Tu aurais eu You would have had
Il/Elle aurait eu He/She would have had
Nous aurions eu We would have had
Vous auriez eu You would have had
Ils/Elles auraient eu They would have had

Subjonctif Présent (Present Subjunctive)

Français Anglais
Que j’aie That I have
Que tu aies That you have
Qu’il/elle ait That he/she has
Que nous ayons That we have
Que vous ayez That you have
Qu’ils/elles aient That they have

Subjonctif Imparfait (Imperfect Subjunctive)

Français Anglais
Que j’eusse That I had
Que tu eusses That you had
Qu’il/elle eût That he/she had
Que nous eussions That we had
Que vous eussiez That you had

In summary, mastering the verb ‘avoir’ is indispensable for anyone learning French. Not only does it serve as a fundamental verb for expressing possession and existence, but it is also essential as an auxiliary verb used in all compound tenses. This dual role underscores its importance in French grammar and daily language use. Familiarity with ‘avoir’ and its conjugations will significantly enhance your proficiency and understanding of French, allowing you to form correct and complex sentences.

Mastering the French Verb 'Aller': Conjugation, Prepositions, and Infinitive Constructions"

French Verb Aller

Mastering the French Verb Aller : Conjugation, Prepositions, and Infinitive Constructions”

In this lesson, we will study the conjugation of the verb ‘aller’. We will look at some examples of using ‘aller + preposition’. Then, we will see how to use the verb ‘aller’ followed by a verb in the infinitive.

Affirmative Form Negative Form Interrogative Form
je vais je ne vais pas vais-je ?
tu vas tu ne vas pas vas-tu ?
il/elle va il/elle ne va pas va-t-il/elle ?
nous allons nous n’allons pas allons-nous ?
vous allez vous n’allez pas allez-vous ?
ils/elles vont ils/elles ne vont pas vont-ils/elles ?

🔷 Aller + Preposition

Verb aller + à + place

a. “aller à” followed by a city

We always use “à” before a city.

Examples:

  • Je vais à Paris. (I go to Paris.)
  • Vous n’allez pas à Londres. (You are not going to London.)
  • Allez-vous à Toulouse? ( Are you going to Toulouse? )

⚠️ Note for cities preceded by an article:

Examples:

  • Elles vont au Caire. ( They go to Cairo. )
  • Allez-vous à La Rochelle? ( Are you going to La Rochelle? )
  • Tu ne vas pas au Havre. ( You are not going to Le Havre. )

b. “aller à” followed by a country

The preposition changes according to the gender and number of the country.

  • Je vais en France et au Japon. ( I go to France and Japan. )
  • Vont-ils au Maroc cet été? ( Are they going to Morocco this summer? )
  • Non, ils ne vont pas au Maroc. Ils vont aux Pays-Bas. ( No, they are not going to Morocco. They are going to the Netherlands. )

c. “aller à” followed by other places

In other cases, follow the rule of the contracted article.

Examples:

  • Vas-tu à la boulangerie. ( Are you going to the bakery?  )
  • Nous n’allons pas au supermarché. ( We are not going to the supermarket. )
  •  Je vais aux toilettes. ( I am going to the bathroom. )

🔷 Aller + Infinitive

When the verb aller is followed by an infinitive, the sentence implies the near future ( Going-to future )

Examples:

  • Ils vont partir demain. ( They are going to leave tomorrow. )
  •  (Elles vont aller à la boulangerie. ( They are going to the bakery. )
  • Je vais me dépêcher. ( I am going to hurry up.  )

🔷 Aller Bien

“aller bien” means “to be in good health.” It is used especially in greetings.

Examples:

  • Comment allez-vous? ( How are you? )
  •  Vous allez bien ? — Oui, très bien merci. ( Are you doing well? Yes, very well thank you. )
  • Salut, ça va ? — Ça va ! Et toi ? ( Hi, how are you? — I’m good! And you?  )

🍀 EXERCISES 🍀

A) Complete with the verb aller.

  1. Bonjour, tu ____ bien ?
  2. Je ____ bien. Et toi ?
  3. Ça ____. Vous ____ où comme ça ?
  4. Nous ______ au parc Astérix. Mes amis y ______ aussi.
answers
  1. Bonjour, tu vas bien ?
  2. Je vais bien. Et toi ?
  3. Ça va. Vous allez où comme ça ?
  4. Nous allons au parc Astérix. Mes amis y vont aussi.

B) Write the sentences Going-to future .

  1. Mes parents partent pour Strasbourg ce matin. ( My parents are leaving for Strasbourg this morning. )
  2. Comment est-ce que tu vas à Lille ? ( How are you going to Lille? )
  3. Je vois cette exposition demain. ( I am seeing this exhibition tomorrow.  )
  4. C’est formidable ! ( That’s great! )
answers
  1. Mes parents vont partir pour Strasbourg ce matin.
  2. Comment est-ce que tu vas aller à Lille ?
  3. Je vais voir cette exposition demain.
  4. Ça va être formidable !

French Verb Aller

Conjugating etre in french

Conjugating Être in French

Complete Guide to Conjugating ‘Être’ in French: A Must-Have Resource for English Speakers

Mastering a new language involves understanding its verbs and their various forms. For English speakers learning French, the verb ‘être’ (to be) is fundamental and often one of the first verbs introduced due to its frequent use. This comprehensive guide provides a detailed conjugation table for the verb ‘être’ across all tenses and moods, complete with English translations. This resource is designed to help English-speaking learners grasp the nuances of this essential French verb, making their journey into French language learning smoother and more effective.

Présent de l’Indicatif (Present Tense)

Français Anglais
Je suis I am
Tu es You are
Il/Elle est He/She is
Nous sommes We are
Vous êtes You are
Ils/Elles sont They are

Imparfait de l’Indicatif (Imperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’étais I was
Tu étais You were
Il/Elle était He/She was
Nous étions We were
Vous étiez You were
Ils/Elles étaient They were

Futur Simple de l’Indicatif (Future Simple Tense)

Français Anglais
Je serai I will be
Tu seras You will be
Il/Elle sera He/She will be
Nous serons We will be
Vous serez You will be
Ils/Elles seront They will be

Passé Simple de l’Indicatif (Simple Past Tense)

Français Anglais
Je fus I was
Tu fus You were
Il/Elle fut He/She was
Nous fûmes We were
Vous fûtes You were
Ils/Elles furent They were

Plus-que-parfait de l’Indicatif (Pluperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais été I had been
Tu avais été You had been
Il/Elle avait été He/She had been
Nous avions été We had been
Vous aviez été You had been
Ils/Elles avaient été They had been

Futur Antérieur de l’Indicatif (Future Perfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai été I will have been
Tu auras été You will have been
Il/Elle aura été He/She will have been
Nous aurons été We will have been
Vous aurez été You will have been
Ils/Elles auront été They will have been

Conditionnel Présent (Present Conditional)

Français Anglais
Je serais I would be
Tu serais You would be
Il/Elle serait He/She would be
Nous serions We would be
Vous seriez You would be
Ils/Elles seraient They would be

Conditionnel Passé (Past Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais été I would have been
Tu aurais été You would have been
Il/Elle aurait été He/She would have been
Nous aurions été We would have been
Vous auriez été You would have been
Ils/Elles auraient été They would have been

Subjonctif Présent

Français Anglais
Que je sois That I be
Que tu sois That you be
Qu’il/elle soit That he/she be
Que nous soyons That we be
Que vous soyez That you be
Qu’ils/elles soient That they be

Subjonctif Imparfait

Français Anglais
Que je fusse That I were
Que tu fusses That you were
Qu’il/elle fût That he/she were
Que nous fussions That we were
Que vous fussiez That you were
Qu’ils/elles fussent That they were

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait

Français Anglais
Que j’eusse été That I had been
Que tu eusses été That you had been
Qu’il/elle eût été That he/she had been
Que nous eussions été That we had been
Que vous eussiez été That you had been
Qu’ils/elles eussent été That they had been

Impératif

Français Anglais
Sois Be (informal)
Soyons Let’s be
Soyez Be (formal/plural)

Participe Présent

Français Anglais
Étant Being

Participe Passé

Français Anglais
Été Been

Infinitif

Français Anglais
Être To be

Gérondif

Français Anglais
En étant By being

In conclusion, the conjugation of the verb ‘être’ in French is a cornerstone in mastering the language. This table serves as a valuable reference for English speakers learning French, offering clear and concise translations for each form. With regular practice and reference to this guide, learners will find themselves more confident and proficient in using one of the most important verbs in the French language. Remember, language learning is a journey of continuous discovery and improvement.

Lesson 9 – Regular Verbs Ending in “-er” and Pronunciation Tips

French for Beginners: Lesson 9 – Regular Verbs Ending in “-er” and Pronunciation Tips

Welcome to Lesson 9, tailored for English speakers. In this comprehensive lesson, we will explore regular verbs ending in “-er,” focusing on their conjugation, pronunciation, elision, and silent letters.


Objectives:

  • Master the conjugation of regular -er verbs in the present tense.
  • Understand the concept of elision with verbs starting with a vowel.
  • Learn key pronunciation tips, including silent letters and plural forms.

1. Conjugation of Regular -er Verbs

Regular -er verbs follow a simple conjugation pattern. Remove the “-er” from the infinitive and add the appropriate endings: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent.

Below is the conjugation of “parler” (to speak) with English translations:

Subject Parler Conjugation English Translation
je parle I speak
tu parles you speak
il / elle / on parle he / she/ it speaks
nous parlons we speak
vous parlez you speak
ils / elles parlent they speak

2. Elision with Verbs Beginning with a Vowel

When a verb beginning with a vowel is preceded by a subject pronoun ending in a vowel, elision is necessary. For example:

  • J’écoute (I listen) instead of “Je écoute.”
  • J’admire (I admire) instead of “Je admire.”

📌 Pronunciation Tips

  • Silent Letters: The final “e” in the singular forms and “ent” in the third person plural are silent. E.g., “Il parle” (eel parl), “Ils parlent” (eel parl).
  • Singular vs. Plural: When a verb starts with a consonant, the singular and plural forms sound similar. With a vowel, the liaison in “Ils/Elles” creates a distinct sound. E.g., “Ils écoutent” (eelz ay-koot).
Subject Écouter Conjugation Pronunciation
j’ écoute j’écoute (zheh-koot)
tu écoutes tu écoutes (too eh-koot)
il / elle / on écoute il/elle/on écoute (eel/el/on eh-koot)
nous écoutons nous écoutons (noo zeh-koot)
vous écoutez vous écoutez (voo zeh-koot)
ils / elles écoutent ils/elles écoutent (eel/el eh-koot)

3. Common -er Verbs

Here’s a table showing the pronunciation of common -er verbs:

Verb Pronunciation
parler (to speak) par-lay
aimer (to like, to love) eh-may
regarder (to watch) ruh-gar-day
jouer (to play) zhoo-ay
travailler (to work) trah-vai-yay
habiter (to live) ah-bee-tay

Practice Exercise

Conjugate the verbs listed in different forms, focusing on pronunciation and elision. For example:

  • “Je regarde un film.” (I watch a movie.)
  • “Nous aimons la musique.” (We love music.)

Pronunciation and Translation Exercise

Translate the following sentences from English to French:

  1. They (m) listen to music.
  2. She lives in a big city.
  3. We study French.

Conclusion

Congratulations on completing Lesson 9! You’ve learned the conjugation of regular -er verbs in French and important aspects of their pronunciation. These skills will significantly aid your communication in French. In the next lesson, we will explore different verb groups.

Lesson 8 – The Verb “Avoir” (To Have)

French for Beginners: Lesson 8 – The Verb “Avoir” (To Have)

Welcome to Lesson 8! We’ll focus on the verb “avoir,” which means “to have” in English, a fundamental verb in French.


Objectives:

  • Learn the conjugation of “avoir” in the present tense.
  • Understand the usage of “avoir” in phrases.
  • Practice forming sentences and translating using “avoir.”

1. Conjugation of “Avoir”

Here is the conjugation of “avoir” in the present tense along with pronunciation and English translations:

Subject Conjugation Pronunciation English
j’ ai zhay I have
tu as too ah You have
il / elle / on a eel/ell/on ah He/She/It has
nous avons noo zah-vohn We have
vous avez voo zah-vay You have
ils / elles ont eelz/ellz on They have

2. Using “Avoir” with Complements

“Avoir” is often followed by a direct object complement. Here are some examples:

  • J’ai une voiture. (I have a car.)
  • Il a un chat. (He has a cat.)
  • Nous avons un problème. (We have a problem.)

Practice Exercise

Create sentences using “avoir” and a direct object. For example:

  • “Tu as un livre.” (You have a book.)

Translation Exercise

Translate these sentences from English to French:

  1. They have a new house.
  2. You (formal) have a question.
  3. She has a beautiful garden.

Conclusion

Congratulations on completing Lesson 8! Understanding “avoir” and its usage is essential in French. Practice regularly to become comfortable with this verb. In our next lesson, we will explore more verbs and their conjugations.

Lesson 4 – Personal Pronouns and the Verb “Être” (To Be)

French for Beginners: Lesson 4 – Personal Pronouns and the Verb “être” (To Be)
Welcome to Lesson 4! In this lesson, we’re going to learn about French personal pronouns and the verb “être” (to be). These are fundamental in building basic sentences in French.


Objectives:

  • Learn French personal pronouns.
  • Understand the conjugation of the verb “être”.
  • Practice forming simple sentences.

1. French Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are words that replace names or nouns. Here are the French personal pronouns:

French Subject Pronouns English Translation
je I
tu You (singular, informal)
il / elle / on He/She/One
nous We
vous You (plural, formal)
ils / elles They (masculine/feminine)

2. Conjugation of “être”

The verb “être” means “to be” and is used frequently. Here’s how it’s conjugated:

French Subject Pronouns Conjugation of “Être” English Translation
Je suis am
Tu es are (singular, informal)
Il/Elle/On est is
Nous sommes are (plural)
Vous êtes are (formal)
Ils/Elles sont are (plural)

 

French Subject Pronouns Conjugation of “Être” Phonetic Spelling (English) IPA Pronunciation
Je suis zhuh swee ʒə sɥi
Tu es too ay ty ɛ
Il/Elle/On est eel/ell/on ay il/ɛl/ɔ̃ ɛ
Nous sommes noo sohm nu sɔm
Vous êtes voo et vu zɛt
Ils/Elles sont eelz/ellz son il/zɛl sɔ̃

Practice Exercise
Try forming simple sentences using the personal pronouns and different forms of “être”. For example:

“Je suis étudiant” (I am a student).
“Ils sont médecins” (They are doctors).

Real-Life Application

Start noticing and using the verb “être” in your daily life. Try to describe yourself and others using this verb. For example, “I am happy” – “Je suis heureux/heureuse.”

Conclusion
Great job on completing Lesson 4! You’ve now learned one of the most important verbs in French and how to use it with personal pronouns. In the next lesson, we will look at definite and indefinite articles. À bientôt!