Lesson 1 : Introduction to French Language

French for Beginners: Lesson 1
Introduction to French Language


Welcome to your first French lesson! French is a beautiful and widely spoken language, known for its melodious sound and rich cultural background. In this lesson, we will cover some basics to get you started on your journey to learning French.


  Objectives:

  • Learn basic French greetings.
  • Understand simple French pronunciation.
  • Familiarize yourself with some common French phrases.

1. French Greetings

Category English French Pronunciation
Hello and Goodbye Hello Bonjour bon-zhoor
Hello and Goodbye Good evening Bonsoir bon-swahr
Hello and Goodbye Goodbye Au revoir oh ruh-vwar
Hello and Goodbye See you later À plus tard ah ploo tar
How to ask ‘How are you?’ How are you? (formal) Comment allez-vous? kom-mawn tah-lay voo
How to ask ‘How are you?’ How are you? (informal) Ça va? sah vah
Responses to ‘How are you?’ I’m good, thank you Ça va bien, merci sah vah byan, mair-see
Responses to ‘How are you?’ I’m so-so Comme ci, comme ça kohm see, kohm sah
Responses to ‘How are you?’ Not good Pas bien pah byan

2. Basic Pronunciation Guide

French pronunciation can be challenging for beginners, but don’t worry! Let’s look at a few key points:

R: The French ‘R’ is guttural, pronounced at the back of the throat.
U: This sound doesn’t exist in English. To make it, shape your mouth as if to say “oo” (like in ‘food’), but try to say “ee” (like in ‘see’).
E: At the end of words is usually silent. E.g., “Parle” is pronounced “Parl”.


free basic pronounciaition guide


3. Common Phrases

English French Pronunciation
Yes Oui wee
No Non nawn
Please S’il vous plaît see voo play
Thank you Merci mair-see
Sorry Désolé day-soh-lay
Excuse me Excusez-moi ex-kew-zay mwah

Practice Exercise
Try to use these phrases in a simple conversation. For example:

A: “Bonjour!”
B: “Bonjour! Ça va?”
A: “Ça va bien, merci. Et toi?”
B: “Comme ci, comme ça.”

Conclusion
Congratulations on completing your first French lesson! Remember, practice makes perfect. Try to use these phrases in your daily life to get comfortable with them. À bientôt (see you soon) for your next lesson!

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