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10 french adjectives

10 french adjectives

The Top 10 Most Used Adjectives in French: A Guide for English Speakers

Introduction

Welcome to our lesson on the top 10 most used adjectives in the French language! As an English speaker, learning these adjectives will not only enhance your vocabulary but also improve your ability to describe people, places, and things in French.

French free lesson

Important Note on Adjective Placement

In French, these adjectives typically come before the noun they modify, unlike in English where adjectives usually follow the noun. This is a crucial aspect of French grammar to remember.

1. bon, bonne (Good)

  • Bon is used for masculine nouns: “un bon livre” (a good book).
  • Bonne is for feminine nouns: “une bonne idée” (a good idea).

2. grand, grande (Big, Tall)

  • Grand for masculine: “un grand arbre” (a big tree).
  • Grande for feminine: “une grande maison” (a big house).

3. petit, petite (Small, Little)

  • Petit for masculine: “un petit chien” (a small dog).
  • Petite for feminine: “une petite table” (a small table).

4. jeune (Young)

  • Used for both genders: “un jeune homme” (a young man), “une jeune femme” (a young woman).

5. vieux, vieille (Old)

  • Vieux for masculine: “un vieux livre” (an old book).
  • Vieille for feminine: “une vieille chaise” (an old chair).

6. beau, belle (Beautiful, Handsome)

  • Beau before masculine nouns: “un beau jardin” (a beautiful garden).
  • Belle for feminine: “une belle vue” (a beautiful view).

7. nouveau, nouvelle (New)

  • Nouveau for masculine: “un nouveau téléphone” (a new phone).
  • Nouvelle for feminine: “une nouvelle voiture” (a new car).

8. mauvais, mauvaise (Bad)

  • Mauvais for masculine: “un mauvais film” (a bad movie).
  • Mauvaise for feminine: “une mauvaise expérience” (a bad experience).

9. joli, jolie (Pretty)

  • Joli for masculine: “un joli tableau” (a pretty painting).
  • Jolie for feminine: “une jolie fleur” (a pretty flower).

10. long, longue (Long)

  • Long for masculine: “un long voyage” (a long journey).
  • Longue for feminine: “une longue histoire” (a long story).

Important

In French, the adjectives “nouveau,” “vieux,” and “beau” have special forms when followed by a masculine noun starting with a vowel or a mute ‘h.’ This rule is applied to facilitate pronunciation and to avoid an awkward pause between words. Here is the specific rule for each of these adjectives:

  1. Nouveau:
    • Becomes “nouvel” in front of a masculine noun starting with a vowel or a mute ‘h.’
    • Example: “un nouvel appartement” (a new apartment) instead of “un nouveau appartement.”
  2. Vieux:
    • Becomes “vieil” in the same case.
    • Example: “un vieil homme” (an old man) instead of “un vieux homme.”
  3. Beau:
    • Becomes “bel” before a masculine noun starting with a vowel or a mute ‘h.’
    • Example: “un bel arbre” (a beautiful tree) instead of “un beau arbre.”

These forms are only used in the masculine singular and before a noun starting with a vowel or a mute ‘h’ to improve the flow of pronunciation in French.

Adjective Special Form Used Before Example (Special Form)
nouveau nouvel Masculine noun starting with a vowel or mute ‘h’ un nouvel appartement
vieux vieil Masculine noun starting with a vowel or mute ‘h’ un vieil homme
beau bel Masculine noun starting with a vowel or mute ‘h’ un bel arbre

Practice

Exercise 1: Translate to French

Translate the following English sentences into French using the correct adjectives.

  1. A beautiful song.
  2. A tall tree.
  3. A small house.
  4. An old book.
  5. A good idea.
answers
  1. Une belle chanson.
  2. Un grand arbre.
  3. Une petite maison.
  4. Un vieux livre.
  5. Une bonne idée.

Exercise 2: Fill in the Blank

Fill in the blank in each French sentence with the correct adjective.

  1. “Une ______ voiture.” (a new car)
  2. “Un ______ garçon.” (a young boy)
  3. “Une ______ femme.” (an old woman)
  4. “Un ______ chat.” (a pretty cat)
  5. “Une ______ histoire.” (a long story)
answers
  1. Une nouvelle voiture.
  2. Un jeune garçon.
  3. Une vieille femme.
  4. Un joli chat.
  5. Une longue histoire.

Exercise 3: Choose the Correct Form

Choose the correct form of the adjective for each French sentence.

  1. Une (beau/belle) fleur.
  2. Un (nouveau/nouvelle) ami.
  3. Une (grand/grande) porte.
  4. Un (mauvais/mauvaise) rêve.
  5. Un (long/longue) film.
answers
  1. Une belle fleur.
  2. Un nouvel ami.
  3. Une grande porte.
  4. Un mauvais rêve.
  5. Un long film.

➡︎ Translation

  1. A beautiful flower.
  2. A new friend.
  3. A big door.
  4. A bad dream.
  5. A long movie.

Exercise 4 : Practice Using Special Forms of “Nouveau,” “Vieux,” and “Beau”

For this exercise, choose the correct special form of the adjectives “nouveau,” “vieux,” or “beau” to complete the sentences. Remember, these special forms are used before masculine nouns starting with a vowel or a mute ‘h’.

  1. Voici un (nouveau/nouvel) hôtel.
  2. Son oncle est un (vieux/vieil) ami de la famille.
  3. Tu regardes le (beau/bel) oiseau dans le jardin.
  4. C’est un (nouveau/nouvel) ordinateur.
  5. Le (vieux/vieil) arbre du jardin est toujours debout.
answers
  1. Voici un nouvel hôtel.
  2. Son oncle est un vieil ami de la famille.
  3. Tu regardes le bel oiseau dans le jardin.
  4. C’est un nouvel ordinateur.
  5. Le vieil arbre du jardin est toujours debout.

➡︎ Translation

  1. Here is a new hotel.”
  2. His/Her uncle is an old friend of the family.
  3. You are looking at the beautiful bird in the garden.
  4. It’s a new computer.
  5. The old tree in the garden is still standing.

Conclusion

Understanding and using these top 10 French adjectives will greatly aid your communication in French. Remember, adjectives in French must agree in gender and number with the nouns they describe. Happy learning and bonne chance!

French Adjective Agreement: Position and Irregular Forms (Lesson 7)

French Adjective Agreement

French Adjective Agreement: Position and Irregular Forms (Lesson 7)

Position, Standard Forms, and Gender Agreement

Introduction

Welcome to Lesson 7! Today, we’re focusing on the standard position of adjectives in French sentences, their feminine forms, and practicing with translation exercises.


Objectives:

  • Understand the placement of adjectives in French sentences.
  • Learn how to form feminine adjectives, especially when they end in -e.
  • Practice using adjectives with nouns.

1. Position of Adjectives

In French, most adjectives are positioned after the noun. This lesson will focus on these “standard position” adjectives.

Examples :

  • Un système complexe – A complex system
  • Une structure organique – An organic structur
  • Un concept intéressant – An interesting concept
  • Un animal exotique – An exotic animal

2. Forming the Feminine of Adjectives

To form the feminine version of most adjectives, add an -e to the masculine form. If the adjective already ends in -e in the masculine form, it remains the same in the feminine.

3. Common Standard Position Adjectives

Here are 10 common adjectives, showing their masculine and feminine forms.

Adjective (English) Masculine (French) Feminine (French)
Fast rapide rapide
Slow lent lente
Magnificent magnifique magnifique
Sad triste triste
Funny amusant amusante
Interesting intéressant intéressante
Original original originale
Tiring fatigant fatigante
Easy facile facile
Difficult difficile difficile

Conclusion

Congratulations on completing Lesson 7! You’ve learned about the placement and gender agreement of adjectives in French. This knowledge is essential for creating descriptive and accurate sentences. Keep practicing, and soon these concepts will become second nature. In the next lesson, we will explore more complex sentence structures.

lesson 6 for beginners in french

Lesson 6 – Basic Colors and Introduction to Adjectives

French for Beginners: Lesson 6 – Basic Colors and Introduction to Adjectives

Welcome to Lesson 6! In this lesson, we will delve into basic color names and the concept of adjective agreement in French, focusing particularly on color adjectives.


Objectives:

  • Learn basic color names in French and their masculine and feminine forms.
  • Understand the agreement of color adjectives with nouns.
  • Be aware of special cases where adjectives are invariable.
  • Practice using color adjectives in sentences.

1. Basic Colors and Their Forms in French

Here’s a table showing the masculine and feminine forms of basic colors in French, along with their English translations:

Color (English) Masculine (French) Feminine (French) Notes
Red rouge rouge
Blue bleu bleue
Green vert verte
Yellow jaune jaune
Black noir noire
White blanc blanche
Orange orange orange invariable
Pink rose rose invariable
Brown marron marron invariable
Gray gris grise

2. Agreement of Adjectives

In French, adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in both gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural). However, some adjectives like “orange,” “rose,” and “marron” do not change form and are considered invariable.

Examples

  • Le chat noir (The black cat)
  • La voiture rouge (The red car)
  • Les stylos bleus (The blue pens)
  • Les maisons blanches (The white houses)

⚠️ but :

  • Les maisons orange.
  • La maison marron.

Practice Exercise

Describe objects using the appropriate form of color adjectives. Remember to adjust the adjective to match the gender and number of the noun. For example:

  • “Le ciel est bleu.” (The sky is blue.)
  • “Les fleurs sont roses.” (The flowers are pink.)

Real-Life Application

Look around you and describe objects using the color adjectives you’ve learned. Pay attention to the gender and number agreement.

Conclusion

Great job on completing Lesson 6! You’ve learned the basic colors in French and how to correctly use adjectives in sentences. Keep practicing these new skills to enhance your descriptive abilities in French. Next, we’ll explore more about adjectives and their different forms.