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Leçon 2 : Numbers from 1 to 20

French for Beginners: Lesson 2 – Numbers from 1 to 20

Welcome to Lesson 2! Today, we will learn how to count from 1 to 20 in French. Numbers are fundamental in any language, and in French, they have their unique pronunciation and structure. Let’s get started!


Objectives:

  • Learn to count from 1 to 20 in French.
  • Practice pronunciation of French numbers.
  • Understand the basic structure of French numbers.

1. French Numbers from 1 to 10

First, let’s learn numbers from 1 to 10.

French Number Phonetic Spelling (English) IPA English Translation
Un uhn œ̃ One
Deux duhr Two
Trois trwah tʁwɑ Three
Quatre katr katʁ Four
Cinq sank sɛ̃k Five
Six sees sis Six
Sept set sɛt Seven
Huit weet ɥit Eight
Neuf nuhf nœf Nine
Dix dees dis Ten

📌 Pronunciation Tips:
Pay attention to the nasal sounds in numbers like “un” and “neuf”.
The final consonants in “six” and “dix” are pronounced, unlike in some other words.


2. French Numbers from 11 to 20

Now, let’s move on to the numbers from 11 to 20.

French Number Phonetic Spelling (English) IPA English Translation
Onze ohnz ɔ̃z Eleven
Douze dooz duz Twelve
Treize trehz tʁɛz Thirteen
Quatorze kat-ORZ katɔʁz Fourteen
Quinze kanz kɛ̃z Fifteen
Seize sayz sɛz Sixteen
Dix-sept dees-set dis.sɛt Seventeen
Dix-huit dees-weet di.z‿ɥit Eighteen
Dix-neuf dees-nuhf di.z‿nœf Nineteen
Vingt van vɛ̃ Twenty

Practice Exercise

To practice, try to count from 1 to 20 in French, then backwards from 20 to 1. Repeat this exercise until you feel comfortable with these numbers.

Real-Life Application
Numbers are everywhere! Try to notice and think about numbers in your daily life in French. For example, when you see the time, try to say it in French.

Conclusion
Great job on completing Lesson 2! Numbers are essential in many aspects of daily life, from telling time to shopping. Keep practicing, and you’ll get more comfortable with them. In the next lesson, we’ll learn about days of the week and months of the year. À bientôt!