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Verb faire to do, to make

Lesson on the Verb “Faire” (To Do, To Make)

Person Conjugation Pronunciation
je (I) fais /fe/
tu (you sg.) fais /fe/
il/elle (he/she) fait /fe/
nous (we) faisons /fe.zɔ̃/
vous (you pl.) faites /fɛt/
ils/elles (they) font /fɔ̃/


The verb faire is frequently used to express an activity, profession, project, preparation, study, etc. When asking the question What are you doing? (Tu fais quoi? Qu’est-ce que tu fais? Que fais-tu?), there are many possible answers depending on the context. Here are the different uses of the verb faire.

Definitions and Examples:

1) Faire + household task


  • Je fais le ménage.           I am doing the cleaning.
  • Je fais les courses.         I am doing the shopping.
  • Je fais la lessive.            I am doing the laundry.

2) Faire + studies


  • Je fais mes devoirs.            I am doing my homework.
  • Je fais de l’anglais.            I am studying English.
  • Je fais du français.            I am studying French.

3) Faire = to prepare


  • Je fais un gâteau.            I am making a cake.
  • Je fais un château de sable.            I am making a sandcastle.

4) Faire + de + activity (sports or leisure activities)


  • Je fais du sport.            I am doing sports.
  • Je fais du judo.            I am doing judo.
  • Je fais de la danse.            I am dancing.
  • Je fais de l’équitation.         I am horseback riding.

5) Faire quoi dans la vie = What do you do for a living (profession)


  • Tu fais quoi dans la vie? What do you do for a living?


  • Je suis employé(e).            I am employed.
  • Je suis étudiant(e).            I am a student.
  • Je suis retraité(e).            I am retired.
  • Je travaille comme serveur dans un café.            I work as a waiter in a cafe.

6) Faire quoi + project + time


  • Tu fais quoi demain?            What are you doing tomorrow?
  • Qu’est-ce que tu fais demain?            What are you doing tomorrow?
  • Que fais-tu demain?            What are you doing tomorrow?

Review the interrogative form in French.


  • Demain, je fais un pique-nique.            Tomorrow, I am having a picnic.
  • Demain, je fais une randonnée avec des amis allemands.            Tomorrow, I am going hiking with German friends.

This lesson demonstrates the versatile uses of the verb faire in French, showing how it can be applied in various contexts from daily activities to professional life. Remember these examples as you practice speaking and writing in French.

verb prendre

Verb “Prendre” (To Take)

Lesson on the Verb “Prendre” (To Take)

Conjugation of “Prendre”

Below is a table showing how to conjugate the French verb “prendre” (to take) in the present tense, along with the pronunciation for each form. This will help you pronounce these forms correctly.

Person Present Tense Pronunciation
I (Je) prends [ pʀɑ̃ ]
You (Tu) prends [ pʀɑ̃ ]
He/She/It (Il/Elle/On) prend [ pʀɑ̃ ]
We (Nous) prenons [ pʀɘnɔ̃ ]
You (Vous) prenez [ pʀɘne ]
They (Ils/Elles) prennent [ pʀɛn ]

Definitions and Examples

1) To grasp or take something, to keep with oneself, to make one’s own


  • Je prends le livre sur la table.     I take the book on the table.
  • Tu prends ta veste avant de sortir.     You take your jacket before going out.

2) To take something from someone, to appropriate, to steal


  • Il prend le stylo de son ami.     He takes his friend’s pen.
  • Elle prend la place de son collègue.     She takes her colleague’s place.

3) To consume, to eat, to drink (e.g., to have a dessert), to swallow medication


  • Nous prenons du café au petit déjeuner.      We have coffee for breakfast.
  • Vous prenez votre médicament après le dîner.     You take your medicine after dinner.

4) To use a means of transport (e.g., to take the train)


  • Je prends le bus pour aller au travail.       I take the bus to go to work.
  • Ils prennent l’avion pour Paris.       They take the plane to Paris.

5) To buy, to choose


  • Tu prends une robe bleue pour la fête.        You choose a blue dress for the party.
  • Elle prend deux kilos de pommes au marché.     She buys two kilograms of apples at the market.

6) To catch a cold


  • Il prend froid après être sorti sous la pluie.     He catches a cold after going out in the rain.
  • Vous prenez facilement froid en hiver.     You easily catch cold in winter.

7) To write something down (e.g., to take notes)


  • Nous prenons des notes pendant la conférence.     We take notes during the lecture.
  • Elles prennent l’adresse de l’hôtel.        They write down the hotel’s address.

This lesson demonstrates the versatility of the verb “prendre” in French, highlighting its varied uses in everyday language. As you practice these examples, remember the different contexts in which “prendre” can be used.

avoir conjugation

Avoir conjugation

Mastering ‘Avoir’: Essential French Verb Conjugation for English Speakers

‘Avoir’ (to have) is one of the most important verbs in the French language, not only for its meanings and uses as a main verb but also as an auxiliary verb used in many tenses. This guide aims to provide English-speaking learners with a comprehensive overview of the conjugation of ‘avoir’ across all tenses and moods, complete with English translations. Understanding ‘avoir’ is crucial for forming past tenses and expressing possession, making it a vital component of French grammar.

Présent de l’Indicatif (Present Tense)

Français Anglais
J’ai I have
Tu as You have
Il/Elle a He/She has
Nous avons We have
Vous avez You have
Ils/Elles ont They have

Imparfait de l’Indicatif (Imperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais I had
Tu avais You had
Il/Elle avait He/She had
Nous avions We had
Vous aviez You had
Ils/Elles avaient They had

Futur Simple de l’Indicatif (Future Simple Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai I will have
Tu auras You will have
Il/Elle aura He/She will have
Nous aurons We will have
Vous aurez You will have
Ils/Elles auront They will have

Passé Simple de l’Indicatif (Simple Past Tense)

Français Anglais
J’eus I had
Tu eus You had
Il/Elle eut He/She had
Nous eûmes We had
Vous eûtes You had
Ils/Elles eurent They had

Plus-que-parfait de l’Indicatif (Pluperfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’avais eu I had had
Tu avais eu You had had
Il/Elle avait eu He/She had had
Nous avions eu We had had
Vous aviez eu You had had
Ils/Elles avaient eu They had had

Futur Antérieur de l’Indicatif (Future Perfect Tense)

Français Anglais
J’aurai eu I will have had
Tu auras eu You will have had
Il/Elle aura eu He/She will have had
Nous aurons eu We will have had
Vous aurez eu You will have had
Ils/Elles auront eu They will have had

Conditionnel Présent (Present Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais I would have
Tu aurais You would have
Il/Elle aurait He/She would have
Nous aurions We would have
Vous auriez You would have
Ils/Elles auraient They would have

Conditionnel Passé (Past Conditional)

Français Anglais
J’aurais eu I would have had
Tu aurais eu You would have had
Il/Elle aurait eu He/She would have had
Nous aurions eu We would have had
Vous auriez eu You would have had
Ils/Elles auraient eu They would have had

Subjonctif Présent (Present Subjunctive)

Français Anglais
Que j’aie That I have
Que tu aies That you have
Qu’il/elle ait That he/she has
Que nous ayons That we have
Que vous ayez That you have
Qu’ils/elles aient That they have

Subjonctif Imparfait (Imperfect Subjunctive)

Français Anglais
Que j’eusse That I had
Que tu eusses That you had
Qu’il/elle eût That he/she had
Que nous eussions That we had
Que vous eussiez That you had

In summary, mastering the verb ‘avoir’ is indispensable for anyone learning French. Not only does it serve as a fundamental verb for expressing possession and existence, but it is also essential as an auxiliary verb used in all compound tenses. This dual role underscores its importance in French grammar and daily language use. Familiarity with ‘avoir’ and its conjugations will significantly enhance your proficiency and understanding of French, allowing you to form correct and complex sentences.

passe composé with etre

Passé Composé with “Être”

Passé Composé with “Être” – French Grammar


In this lesson, we will explore the passé composé tense in French, focusing specifically on verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb. This aspect of French grammar is crucial for discussing past events. Note that we will not cover reflexive (pronominal) verbs in this lesson.

Understanding Passé Composé with “Être”


The passé composé with “être” is formed using the auxiliary verb “être” in the present tense followed by the past participle of the action verb. The key difference when using “être” is that the past participle must agree in gender and number with the subject.

Agreement with the Subject

The past participle changes depending on the subject:

  • Masculine Singular: No additional ending.
  • Feminine Singular: Add -e.
  • Masculine Plural: Add -s.
  • Feminine Plural: Add -es.

Examples for Agreement:

  • Il est monté.  He climbed up. 
  • Elle est montée.  She climbed up.
  • Ils sont montés. They climbed up.
  • Elles sont montées.  They [feminine] climbed up.

Conjugation Table

Affirmative (Positive) Negative
Je suis allé(e) Je ne suis pas allé(e)
Tu es arrivé(e) Tu n’es pas arrivé(e)
Il est parti Il n’est pas parti
Elle est restée Elle n’est pas restée
Nous sommes venu(e)s Nous ne sommes pas venus(e)s
Vous êtes sorti(es) Vous n’êtes pas sorti(es)
Ils sont nés Ils ne sont pas nés
Elles sont descendues Elles ne sont pas descendues

Dr. & Mrs. Vandertramp

A common mnemonic to remember the verbs that typically use “être” as the auxiliary verb in the passé composé is “Dr. & Mrs. Vandertramp”:

  • Devenir (to become)
  • Revenir (to come back)
  • Monter (to go up, to climb)
  • Rester (to stay)
  • Sortir (to go out)
  • Venir (to come)
  • Aller (to go)
  • Naître (to be born)
  • Descendre (to go down)
  • Entrer (to enter)
  • Rentrer (to return)
  • Tomber (to fall)
  • Retourner (to return)
  • Arriver (to arrive)
  • Mourir (to die)
  • Partir (to leave)

🍀 Exercises 🍀

 Exercise 1: Conjugating in Passé Composé

Conjugate the following sentences in passé composé using “être”.

  1. (Je / partir) en France.
  2. (Tu / arriver) tard.
  3. (Il / tomber) dans les escaliers.
  4. (Nous / revenir) de vacances.
  5. (Elles / naître) en avril.
  1. Je suis parti(e) en France.
  2. Tu es arrivé(e) tard.
  3. Il est tombé dans les escaliers.
  4. Nous sommes revenu(e)s de vacances.
  5. Elles sont nées en avril.

Exercise 2: Correct Form

Choose the correct past participle form to complete each sentence.

  1. Ils (ont / sont) ____ partis à huit heures.
  2. Elle (est / a) ____ restée chez elle.
  3. Nous (sommes / avons) ____ montés au premier étage.
  4. Tu (es / as) ____ retourné en Italie.
  5. Les chiens (sont / ont) ____ sortis dans le jardin.
  1. Ils sont partis à huit heures.
  2. Elle est restée chez elle.
  3. Nous sommes montés au premier étage.
  4. Tu es retourné en Italie.
  5. Les chiens sont sortis dans le jardin.

Exercise 3: Translate into French

Translate the following sentences into French, using the passé composé with “être”.

  1. They (female) arrived at the party.
  2. I went back home.
  3. You (singular, informal) came from the market.
  4. He was born in Paris.
  5. We (mixed group) went out last night.
  1. Elles sont arrivées à la fête.
  2. Je suis rentré(e) à la maison.
  3. Tu es venu(e) du marché.
  4. Il est né à Paris.
  5. Nous sommes sortis hier soir.


The passé composé with “être” is a key part of past tense narrative in French. By understanding and practicing the formation and agreement rules, you’ll enhance your ability to recount past events accurately. Remember, consistency in gender and number agreement is crucial for correct French communication.

# Passé Composé with “Être” – French Grammar

adjective Agreement

Adjective Agreement

French Adjective Agreement – Comprehensive Guide


Mastering adjective agreement in French is vital for accurate and nuanced communication. This lesson covers the agreement of adjectives in gender and number, offering structured exercises for reinforcement.

Adjective Agreement Rules

Gender Agreement

  • Adjectives agree with the noun they describe in gender (masculine or feminine).
  • To form the feminine, usually add -e to the masculine form.
Masculine Singular Feminine Singular English
grand grande big
petit petite small
amusant amusante amusing/funny
intéressant intéressante interesting
  • Examples with Qualitative Adjectives (Adjectifs Qualificatifs):
    • La grande maison (The big house)
    • Le petit chat (The small cat)
  • Examples with Attributive Adjectives (Adjectifs Attributs):
    • La maison est grande. (The house is big.)
    • Le chat est petit. (The cat is small.)

Certain adjectives necessitate a slight modification in the feminine form:

  • Un ami sportif -> Une amie sportive (An athletic friend)
  • Un garçon gentil -> Une fille gentille (A kind boy/girl)

Adjective Agreement : Examples of Adjectives with Modifications:


Adjective (Masculine Singular) Feminine Singular English Meaning
sportif sportive athletic
actif active active
bon bonne good
mignon mignonne cute
cher chère expensive, dear
léger légère light (weight)
italien italienne Italian
brésilien brésilienne Brazilian
gros grosse big, fat
gras grasse fatty, greasy
long longue long
gentil gentille kind, nice
heureux heureuse happy

Number Agreement

  • Adjectives agree in number (singular or plural).
  • To form the plural, typically add -s to the singular form.
Masculine Plural Feminine Plural English
grands grandes big
petits petites small
amusants amusantes amusing/funny
intéressants intéressantes interesting
  • Examples with Qualitative Adjectives:
    • Les grandes maisons (The big houses)
    • Les petits chats (The small cats)
  • Examples with Attributive Adjectives:
    • Les maisons sont grandes. (The houses are big.)
    • Les chats sont petits. (The cats are small.)


Exercise 1: Feminine Form

Convert the following masculine adjectives to their feminine form.

  1. gentil
  2. intéressant
  3. bon
  4. jeune
  5. amusant
  1. gentille
  2. intéressante
  3. bonne
  4. jeune
  5. amusante.

Exercise 2: Plural Form

Make the following singular adjectives plural.

Example : Une histoire intéressante.  ➡︎ Des histoires intéressantes.

  1. Un chien agressif.
  2. Une maison ancienne.
  3. Un enfant mignon.
  4. Une histoire longue.
  5. Le petit oiseau.
  1. Des chiens agressifs.
  2. Des maisons anciennes.
  3. Des enfants mignons.
  4. Des histoires longues.
  5. Les petits oiseaux.

Exercise 3: Correct Form in Sentences

Choose the correct adjective form for each sentence.

  1. Les fleurs (magnifique/ magnifiques).
  2. Le livre (intéressant/intéressants/intéressante/intéressantes).
  3. Les chiens (amusant/amusants/amusante/amusantes).
  4. La voiture (rapide/rapides).
  5. Les maisons (bleu/bleus/bleue/bleues).
  1. Les fleurs magnifiques.
  2. Le livre intéressant.
  3. Les chiens amusants.
  4. La voiture rapide.
  5. Les maisons bleues.

Exercise 4: Translate and Agree

Translate the following English sentences into French, ensuring adjective agreement.

  1. The cats are funny.
  2. The house is pretty.
  3. The interesting books are on the table.
  4. The chairs are expensive.
  5. The girl is kind.
  1. Les chats sont amusants.
  2. La maison est jolie.
  3. Les livres intéressants sont sur la table.
  4. Les chaises sont chères.
  5. La fille est gentille.

Exercise 5: Adjective Modification

Modify the given adjectives to fit the noun they describe in gender and number.

  1. Les garçons (gentil).
  2. La femme (sportif).
  3. Les filles (heureux).
  4. Le garçon (intéressant).
  5. Les amis (fidèle).
  1. Les garçons gentils.
  2. La femme sportive.
  3. Les filles heureuses.
  4. Le garçon intéressant.
  5. Les amis fidèles.

Adjective Agreement : Conclusion

Through these exercises, you’ve practiced applying the rules of adjective agreement in French across various contexts, enhancing your grammatical accuracy and expressive capability. Continue to practice these principles to further solidify your understanding and usage of French adjectives in conversation and writing.


Past Tense Exercises in French

Past Tense Exercises in French: Master the Passé Composé

Dive into mastering the French passé composé with our targeted exercises. From regular to irregular verbs, these activities are designed to enhance your understanding and fluency in expressing past actions. Whether you’re beginning your French language journey or looking to solidify your grasp of this essential tense, our exercises provide a clear, step-by-step pathway to improving your skills. Start now and unlock the full potential of your French language proficiency.

🔷 Past Tense Exercises 1: Introduction to the Past Tense

In this exercise, conjugate the simple verbs that end in -é. Use the auxiliary “avoir”.

  1. (danser) Hier, nous _________ jusqu’à minuit.
  2. (passer) Ils _________ devant la maison.
  3. (aimer) J’_________ ce film.
  4. (parler) Tu _________ avec elle au téléphone?
  5. (regarder) Nous _________ un documentaire intéressant.
  6. (jouer) Les enfants _________ dans le jardin.
  7. (écouter) Vous _________ la nouvelle chanson ?
  8. (travailler) Elle _________ toute la journée.
  9. (chercher) J’_________ mes clés partout.
  10. (arrêter) Ils _________ le bus juste à temps.
  1. Hier, nous avons dansé jusqu’à minuit.
  2. Ils ont passé devant la maison.
  3. J’ai aimé ce film.
  4. Tu as parlé avec elle au téléphone?
  5. Nous avons regardé un documentaire intéressant.
  6. Les enfants ont joué dans le jardin.
  7. Vous avez écouté la nouvelle chanson ?
  8. Elle a travaillé toute la journée.
  9. J’ai cherché mes clés partout.
  10. Ils ont arrêté le bus juste à temps.

Translation : 

  1. Yesterday, we danced until midnight.
  2. They passed in front of the house.
  3. I liked that movie.
  4. Did you talk to her on the phone?
  5. We watched an interesting documentary.
  6. The children played in the garden.
  7. Did you listen to the new song?
  8. She worked all day.
  9. I looked for my keys everywhere.
  10. They caught the bus just in time.

🔷 Past Tense Exercises 2: Introduction to Past Participles Ending in -i, -is, -it

Conjugate the verbs with the auxiliary “avoir”.

  1. (finir) Vous _________ vos devoirs ?
  2. (choisir) J’_________ une robe pour la soirée.
  3. (comprendre) Ils _________ les instructions.
  4. (prendre) Tu _________ le dernier biscuit !
  5. (écrire) Elle _________ une lettre à son ami.
  6. (dire) Nous _________ la vérité.
  7. (produire) L’usine _________ des voitures électriques.
  8. (construire) Ils _________ une nouvelle école.
  9. (apprendre) J’_________ le français depuis un an.
  10. (mettre) Tu _________ la table pour le dîner ?
  1. Vous avez fini vos devoirs ?
  2. J’ai choisi une robe pour la soirée.
  3. Ils ont compris les instructions.
  4. Tu as pris le dernier biscuit !
  5. Elle a écrit une lettre à son ami.
  6. Nous avons dit la vérité.
  7. L’usine a produit des voitures électriques.
  8. Ils ont construit une nouvelle école.
  9. J’ai appris le français depuis un an.
  10. Tu as mis la table pour le dîner ?

Translation : 

  1. Did you finish your homework?
  2. I chose a dress for the evening.
  3. They understood the instructions.
  4. You took the last cookie!
  5. She wrote a letter to her friend.
  6. We told the truth.
  7. The factory produced electric cars.
  8. They built a new school.
  9. I have been learning French for a year.
  10. Did you set the table for dinner?

🔷 Past Tense Exercises 3: Verbs with Irregular Past Participles

Conjugate the following verbs with the auxiliary “avoir”.

  1. (avoir) Hier, j’_________ un rendez-vous chez le médecin.
  2. (être) Ils _________ en vacances la semaine dernière.
  3. (faire) Nous _________ une grande promenade.
  4. (ouvrir) Tu _________ la fenêtre ?
  5. (découvrir) Elle _________ un vieux livre dans le grenier.
  6. (recevoir) Vous _________ beaucoup de cadeaux pour votre anniversaire.
  7. (voir) J’_________ un film incroyable hier soir.
  8. (vivre) Ils _________ dans cette maison pendant dix ans.
  9. (lire) Tu _________ le nouveau roman de cet auteur ?
  10. (prendre) Nous _________ le train pour aller à Paris.
  1. Hier, j’ai eu un rendez-vous chez le médecin.
  2. Ils ont été en vacances la semaine dernière.
  3. Nous avons fait une grande promenade.
  4. Tu as ouvert la fenêtre ?
  5. Elle a découvert un vieux livre dans le grenier.
  6. Vous avez reçu beaucoup de cadeaux pour votre anniversaire.
  7. J’ai vu un film incroyable hier soir.
  8. Ils ont vécu dans cette maison pendant dix ans.
  9. Tu as lu le nouveau roman de cet auteur ?
  10. Nous avons pris le train pour aller à Paris.

Translation : 

  1. Yesterday, I had a doctor’s appointment.
  2. They were on vacation last week.
  3. We took a long walk.
  4. Did you open the window?
  5. She found an old book in the attic.
  6. You received many gifts for your birthday.
  7. I saw an incredible movie last night.
  8. They lived in this house for ten years.
  9. Did you read the new book by that author?
  10. We took the train to go to Paris.

🔷 Exercise 4: Mix of Past Participles

Conjugate the verbs in the past tense with the auxiliary “avoir”, mixing different types of past participles.

  1. (peindre) Elle _________ un tableau magnifique.
  2. (croire) Vous _________ à cette histoire ?
  3. (perdre) J’_________ mon téléphone hier.
  4. (attendre) Ils _________ trop longtemps à l’arrêt de bus.
  5. (répondre) Tu _________ à l’email du professeur ?
  6. (entendre) Nous _________ un bruit étrange la nuit dernière.
  7. (vouloir) J’_________ te voir avant ton départ.
  8. (savoir) Ils _________ la réponse à la question.
  9. (boire) Tu _________ tout le jus d’orange.
  10. (mordre) Le chien _________ le facteur.
  1. Elle a peint un tableau magnifique.
  2. Vous avez cru à cette histoire ?
  3. J’ai perdu mon téléphone hier.
  4. Ils ont attendu trop longtemps à l’arrêt de bus.
  5. Tu as répondu à l’email du professeur ?
  6. Nous avons entendu un bruit étrange la nuit dernière.
  7. J’ai voulu te voir avant ton départ.
  8. Ils ont su la réponse à la question.
  9. Tu as bu tout le jus d’orange.
  10. Le chien a mordu le facteur.

Translation : 

  1. She painted a beautiful picture.
  2. Did you believe that story?
  3. I lost my phone yesterday.
  4. They waited too long at the bus stop.
  5. Did you reply to the teacher’s email?
  6. We heard a strange noise last night.
  7. I wanted to see you before you left.
  8. They knew the answer to the question.
  9. You drank all the orange juice.
  10. The dog bit the mailman.

🔷 Exercise 5: Advanced with More Complex Sentences

Conjugate the verbs in the past tense using more complex sentence structures.

  1. (écrire) Pendant les vacances, j’_________ une carte postale à mes grands-parents.
  2. (dire) À la réunion, tu _________ quelque chose d’important.
  3. (prendre) Avant de partir, nous _________ des photos devant la maison.
  4. (lire) Ce matin, elle _________ le journal en buvant son café.
  5. (comprendre) Vous _________ le problème de mathématiques ?
  6. (avoir) L’année dernière, ils _________ trois semaines de vacances en juillet.
  7. (faire) Pour son anniversaire, nous _________ une surprise.
  8. (ouvrir) Hier soir, j’_________ un cadeau de ma sœur.
  9. (être) Ce film _________ vraiment intéressant, selon moi.
  10. (vivre) Ils _________ des moments difficiles mais restent optimistes.
  1. Pendant les vacances, j’ai écrit une carte postale à mes grands-parents.
  2. À la réunion, tu as dit quelque chose d’important.
  3. Avant de partir, nous avons pris des photos devant la maison.
  4. Ce matin, elle a lu le journal en buvant son café.
  5. Vous avez compris le problème de mathématiques ?
  6. L’année dernière, ils ont eu trois semaines de vacances en juillet.
  7. Pour son anniversaire, nous avons fait une surprise.
  8. Hier soir, j’ai ouvert le cadeau de ma sœur.
  9. Ce film a été intéressant, selon moi.
  10. Ils ont vécu des moments difficiles mais ils restent optimistes.

Translation : 

  1. During the holidays, I wrote a postcard to my grandparents.
  2. At the meeting, you said something important.
  3. Before leaving, we took pictures in front of the house.
  4. This morning, she read the newspaper while drinking her coffee.
  5. Did you understand the math problem?
  6. Last year, they had three weeks of vacation in July.
  7. For his birthday, we made a surprise.
  8. Last night, I opened my sister’s gift.
  9. In my opinion, this movie was interesting.
  10. They lived through difficult times but remain optimistic.

#Past Tense Exercises in French

The Past Participle in French

Past Participle in French

The Past Participle in French


The past participle is a versatile form used in various tenses in French, including the perfect and pluperfect. It’s essential for forming compound tenses ( like passé composé ) and is also used as an adjective. Understanding how to form and use the past participle correctly is crucial for mastering French grammar.


– I saw a friend. (J’ai vu un ami.)
– I offered him a book. (Je lui ai offert un livre.)
– We took the subway. (Nous avons pris le métro.)

These sentences use the past participle in different contexts, illustrating its importance in conveying past actions.

Formation of the Past Participle

The past participle in French can be grouped phonetically into different endings, each with its pronunciation and set of rules.

1. Past Participles Ending in -é [e] (for all verbs ending in -er)


“danser” (to dance) becomes “dansé” (danced), “aller” (to go) becomes “allé” (gone), “passer” (to pass) becomes “passé” (passed).

French Verb English Meaning Past Participle (FR) English Translation
danser to dance dansé danced
aller to go allé gone
passer to pass passé passed

 2. Past Participles Ending in [i]

This category includes three endings:

➡︎ Ending in -i

For example, “finir” (to finish) becomes “fini” (finished), “choisir” (to choose) becomes “choisi” (chosen), “grossir” (to gain weight) becomes “grossi” (gained weight), “dormir” (to sleep) becomes “dormi” (slept).

French Verb English Meaning Past Participle (FR) English Translation
finir to finish fini finished
choisir to choose choisi chosen
grossir to gain weight grossi gained weight
dormir to sleep dormi slept

➡︎ Ending in -is

Such as “prendre” (to take) becomes “pris” (taken), “comprendre” (to understand) becomes “compris” (understood), “apprendre” (to learn) becomes “appris” (learned), “mettre” (to put) becomes “mis” (put).

French Verb English Meaning Past Participle (FR) English Translation
prendre to take pris taken
comprendre to understand compris understood
apprendre to learn appris learned
mettre to put mis put

➡︎ Ending in -it

For example, “écrire” (to write) becomes “écrit” (written), “dire” (to say) becomes “dit” (said), “produire” (to produce) becomes “produit” (produced), “construire” (to build) becomes “construit” (built).

French Verb English Meaning Past Participle (FR) English Translation
écrire to write écrit written
dire to say dit said
produire to produce produit produced
construire to build construit built

3. Past Participles Ending in -u [y]


“vivre” (to live) becomes “vécu” (lived), “avoir” (to have) becomes “eu” (had), “lire” (to read) becomes “lu” (read), “devoir” (to have to) becomes “dû” (had to), “pouvoir” (to be able to) becomes “pu” (been able to).

French Verb English Meaning Past Participle (FR) English Translation
vivre to live vécu lived
avoir to have eu had
lire to read lu read
devoir to have to had to
pouvoir to be able to pu been able to

4. Special Cases

Examples :

“faire” (to do/make) becomes “fait” (done/made), “être” (to be) becomes “été” (been), “peindre” (to paint) becomes “peint” (painted), “craindre” (to fear) becomes “craint” (feared), “ouvrir” (to open) becomes “ouvert” (opened).

French Verb English Meaning Past Participle (FR) English Translation
faire to do/make fait done/made
être to be été been
peindre to paint peint painted
craindre to fear craint feared
ouvrir to open ouvert opened


Understanding the formation and use of the past participle in French is key to mastering the language’s grammatical structure. Remembering these rules and practicing with examples will help solidify your knowledge and improve your French writing and speaking skills.

Past Tense (Passé Composé)

Past Tense (Passé Composé)

Lesson 23: Passé Composé with “Avoir” for First Group Verbs


In this lesson, we’re focusing on the passé composé tense in French, specifically using the auxiliary verb “avoir” combined with first group verbs. First group verbs are regular verbs ending in “-er” and are the most common verbs in French. Mastering the passé composé with these verbs is essential for discussing past events.

Understanding Passé Composé with “Avoir”


The passé composé is formed with the auxiliary verb “avoir” in the present tense followed by the past participle of the main verb. For first group verbs, the past participle is formed by replacing the -er ending with -é.


Subject + avoir (conjugated) + past participle

The past participle of first group verbs in French, which are verbs ending in “-er”, is formed by replacing the “-er” ending with “-é”. This rule applies to all regular verbs in this group, making it relatively simple to form the past participle for a wide range of actions. The past participle is used in various tenses, including the passé composé, to indicate completed actions in the past.

Examples of Conjugation

  • Parler (to speak) → J’ai parlé (I spoke)
  • Aimer (to like) → Tu as aimé (You liked)
  • Regarder (to watch) → Il a regardé (He watched)


  1. Parler (to speak) becomes parlé (spoken)
    • “J’ai parlé avec mon ami hier.” (I spoke with my friend yesterday.)
  2. Aimer (to like/love) becomes aimé (liked/loved)
    • “Elle a aimé le film.” (She liked the movie.)
  3. Danser (to dance) becomes dansé (danced)
    • “Nous avons dansé toute la nuit.” (We danced all night.)
  4. Écouter (to listen) becomes écouté (listened)
    • “Il a écouté de la musique.” (He listened to music.)
  5. Travailler (to work) becomes travaillé (worked)
    • “Tu as travaillé dur sur ce projet.” (You worked hard on this project.)

The formation of the past participle for first group verbs is consistent, making it an essential and accessible aspect of French grammar to master for discussing past events.

Key Vocabulary: First Group Verbs

French Verb Pronunciation English Translation
aimer eh-may to like/to love
parler par-lay to speak
donner doh-nay to give
écouter ay-koo-tay to listen
travailler tra-vai-yay to work
regarder re-gar-day to watch
jouer zhoo-ay to play
danser don-say to dance
étudier ay-too-dee-ay to study
chanter shan-tay to sing
marcher mar-shay to walk
penser pon-say to think
arriver a-ree-vay to arrive
habiter a-bee-tay to live
dîner dee-nay to dine
voyager voy-a-zhay to travel
nager na-zhay to swim
dessiner de-see-nay to draw
laver la-vay to wash
préparer pray-pa-ray to prepare
porter por-tay to wear
acheter ash-tay to buy
utiliser oo-tee-lee-zay to use
oublier oo-blee-ay to forget
fermer fair-may to close
gagner ga-nyay to win
crier cree-ay to shout
pleurer plu-ray to cry
cuisiner kwee-see-nay to cook
envoyer on-voy-ay to send
ranger ron-zhay to tidy up
sauter so-tay to jump
lancer lon-say to throw
garder gar-day to keep
montrer mon-tray to show
trouver troo-vay to find
appeler a-pel-ay to call
rentrer ron-tray to return
demander duh-mon-day to ask
tomber tom-bay to fall
changer shon-zhay to change
ajouter a-zhoo-tay to add
visiter vee-zee-tay to visit
adorer a-doh-ray to adore
prêter pray-tay to lend
entrer on-tray to enter
rester res-tay to stay
quitter kee-tay to leave
commencer ko-mon-say to begin


Exercise 1: Conjugate in Passé Composé

  1. Conjugate “avoir” in the present tense according to the subject (I, you, he/she, we, you all, they).
  2. Form the past participle of the verb by replacing the -er ending with -é.

Conjugate the following verbs in passé composé using “avoir”.

  1. Danser (to dance)
  2. Jouer (to play)
  3. Étudier (to study)
  4. Marcher (to walk)

Example :

Chanter (to sing)

  • J’ai chanté (I sang)
  • Tu as chanté (You sang)
  • Il/Elle a chanté (He/She sang)
  • Nous avons chanté (We sang)
  • Vous avez chanté (You all sang)
  • Ils/Elles ont chanté (They sang)

Danser (to dance)

  • J’ai dansé (I danced)
  • Tu as dansé (You danced)
  • Il/Elle a dansé (He/She danced)
  • Nous avons dansé (We danced)
  • Vous avez dansé (You all danced)
  • Ils/Elles ont dansé (They danced)

Jouer (to play)

  • J’ai joué (I played)
  • Tu as joué (You played)
  • Il/Elle a joué (He/She played)
  • Nous avons joué (We played)
  • Vous avez joué (You all played)
  • Ils/Elles ont joué (They played)

Étudier (to study)

  • J’ai étudié (I studied)
  • Tu as étudié (You studied)
  • Il/Elle a étudié (He/She studied)
  • Nous avons étudié (We studied)
  • Vous avez étudié (You all studied)
  • Ils/Elles ont étudié (They studied)

Marcher (to walk)

  • J’ai marché (I walked)
  • Tu as marché (You walked)
  • Il/Elle a marché (He/She walked)
  • Nous avons marché (We walked)
  • Vous avez marché (You all walked)
  • Ils/Elles ont marché (They walked)

Exercise 2: Translate to French

Translate the following sentences into French using passé composé.

  1. I listened to music.
  2. You (singular) played soccer.
  3. He worked yesterday.
  4. We watched a movie.
  5. They liked the cake.
  1. J’ai écouté de la musique.
  2. Tu as joué au football.
  3. Il a travaillé hier.
  4. Nous avons regardé un film.
  5. Ils ont aimé le gâteau.

Exercise 3: Complete the Sentence

Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences with the correct form of verbs in passé composé.

  1. Nous _______ (aimer) le concert.
  2. Elle _______ (regarder) la télévision.
  3. Tu _______ (manger) une pomme.
  4. Je _______ (dîner) à huit heures.
  5. Ils _______ (habiter) à Paris.
  1. Nous avons aimé le concert.
  2. Elle a regardé la télévision.
  3. Tu as mangé une pomme.
  4. J’ai dîné à huit heures.
  5. Ils ont habité à Paris.


The passé composé with “avoir” for first group verbs is a foundational aspect of conversing about past activities in French. By understanding its formation and practicing with these exercises, you’ll be well on your way to discussing a wide range of past events. Continue practicing to enhance your proficiency. Bonne continuation!

Review and Conversation Practice

Review and Conversation Practice

Lesson 23: Review and Conversation Practice


Welcome to Lesson 23, where we’ll consolidate our knowledge from previous lessons through review and conversation practice. This lesson is designed to reinforce your understanding of basic prepositions, the verb “aller,” country names in French, the present tense, frequency adverbs, possessive adjectives, common adjectives, discussing weather and time, hobbies and leisure activities, and directions and locations.

Review Highlights

➡︎ Basic Prepositions

Recall “à,” “de,” “sous,” “sur,” etc., and their uses in sentences.

➡︎ The Verb “Aller”

Practice conjugating “aller” and using it to discuss destinations.

➡︎  Countries in French

Review the names of countries and their corresponding prepositions.

➡︎ Present Tense

Reinforce the regular and irregular verbs in the present tense.

➡︎ Frequency Adverbs

Recall how to express frequency in activities.

➡︎ Possessive Adjectives

Practice using possessive adjectives in sentences to show ownership.

➡︎ Common Adjectives

Review the top 10 French adjectives and their correct gender and number agreement.

➡︎ Discussing Weather and Time

Recall how to talk about the weather and tell time in French.

➡︎ Hobbies and Leisure Activities

Review vocabulary related to common hobbies and leisure activities.

➡︎ Directions and Locations

Reinforce the expressions used to ask for and give directions.

🍀 Conversation Practice 🍀

Now, let’s apply what we’ve learned in some conversation scenarios. Each scenario combines elements from the lessons above.

Scenario 1: Meeting a New Friend

  • Discuss where you’re from, your hobbies, and how often you do them.

Scenario 2: Planning a Day Out

  • Use weather vocabulary to suggest activities and use directions to explain how to get to various locations.

Scenario 3: At a Party

  • Describe people at the party using adjectives, talk about relationships using possessive adjectives, and discuss plans using the verb “aller.”

Exercise: Create Your Dialogue

Choose one of the scenarios above and write a short dialogue, incorporating the grammar and vocabulary from previous lessons. Aim to use a variety of structures and expressions.


This lesson aimed to integrate and practice the French language skills we’ve developed. Continue practicing these scenarios, and don’t hesitate to mix elements from different lessons to build more complex and rich conversations. Bonne chance!

Directions in French

Directions in French

Lesson 23: Directions and Locations in French


Navigating through directions and discussing locations are essential skills in any language. This lesson focuses on French phrases and vocabulary for finding your way around and describing where things are located, tailored for English speakers aiming to enhance their conversational abilities in French.

French free lesson

Key Vocabulary and Phrases


French English
à gauche to the left
à droite to the right
tout droit straight ahead
en face de opposite
à côté de next to
derrière behind
devant in front of
près de near
loin de far from
entre between


French English
le parc the park
la bibliothèque the library
le supermarché the supermarket
la gare the train station
l’hôtel the hotel
le restaurant the restaurant
l’hôpital the hospital
l’école the school
la plage the beach
le cinéma the cinema

Asking for and Giving Directions in french

  • Où est… ? (Where is… ?)
  • Comment aller à… ? (How to get to… ?)
  • Pouvez-vous me dire où se trouve… ? (Can you tell me where… is located?)
  • Prenez la première rue à gauche. (Take the first street on the left.)
  • C’est tout droit. (It’s straight ahead.)

Model Phrases for Directions and Locations

French Phrase | English Translation

  • Où est… ? | Where is… ?
    • Où est la gare ? | Where is the train station?
  • Comment aller à… ? | How to get to… ?
    • Comment aller à la plage ? | How to get to the beach?
  • Pouvez-vous me dire où se trouve… ? | Can you tell me where… is located?
    • Pouvez-vous me dire où se trouve l’hôtel ? | Can you tell me where the hotel is located?
  • C’est à quelle distance de… ? | How far is it from… ?
    • C’est à quelle distance du centre-ville ? | How far is it from downtown?
  • Tournez à gauche/droite. | Turn left/right.
    • Tournez à gauche au feu. | Turn left at the light.
  • Allez tout droit. | Go straight ahead.
    • Allez tout droit jusqu’au rond-point. | Go straight ahead until the roundabout.
  • C’est à côté de… | It’s next to…
    • C’est à côté de la poste. | It’s next to the post office.
  • C’est en face de… | It’s opposite…
    • C’est en face du parc. | It’s opposite the park.
  • C’est derrière… | It’s behind…
    • C’est derrière le supermarché. | It’s behind the supermarket.
  • C’est devant… | It’s in front of…
    • C’est devant la bibliothèque. | It’s in front of the library.
  • C’est près de… | It’s near…
    • C’est près de l’école. | It’s near the school.
  • C’est loin de… | It’s far from…
    • C’est loin de la gare ? | Is it far from the train station?

These model phrases and their translations are designed to equip you with a variety of expressions for discussing directions and locations in French. By familiarizing yourself with these phrases, you’ll improve your navigational communication and your overall conversational fluency in French.

Now, we are going to practice directions in French.


Exercise 1: Translate to French

Translate the following sentences into French.

  1. Where is the nearest pharmacy?
  2. The park is behind the supermarket.
  3. Take the second street on the right, then continue straight.
  4. How far is the hotel from the train station?
  5. The library is opposite the school.
  1. Où est la pharmacie la plus proche ?
  2. Le parc est derrière le supermarché.
  3. Prenez la deuxième rue à droite, puis continuez tout droit.
  4. À quelle distance se trouve l’hôtel de la gare ?
  5. La bibliothèque est en face de l’école.

Exercise 2: Fill in the Blank

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate direction or location.

  1. Le restaurant est ______ de la banque. (next to)
  2. Pour aller à la gare, tournez ______. (to the left)
  3. L’hôpital est ______ entre la bibliothèque et l’école. (located)
  4. Vous trouverez le cinéma ______ du parc. (near)
  5. La plage est ______ loin de l’hôtel. (not far from)
  1. Le restaurant est à côté de la banque.
  2. Pour aller à la gare, tournez à gauche.
  3. L’hôpital est situé entre la bibliothèque et l’école.
  4. Vous trouverez le cinéma près du parc.
  5. La plage est peu loin de l’hôtel.

Exercise 3: Asking for Directions in French

Create dialogues asking for directions to two of the locations mentioned above, including both the question and the directions given as an answer. Extend this to create five unique dialogues.


Dialogue 1:

  • Q: Excusez-moi, où est la plage la plus proche ?
  • A: Continuez tout droit, puis prenez la troisième rue à droite. La plage est juste là.

Dialogue 2:

  • Q: Pouvez-vous me dire comment aller au supermarché depuis ici ?
  • A: Bien sûr, allez tout droit jusqu’à la place, puis tournez à gauche. Le supermarché est en face de la poste.

Dialogue 3:

  • Q: Où se trouve l’hôpital, s’il vous plaît ?
  • A: L’hôpital est derrière la gare. Prenez cette rue jusqu’au bout, puis tournez à droite.

Dialogue 4:

  • Q: Comment puis-je arriver à la bibliothèque d’ici ?
  • A: Allez tout droit pendant deux blocs, puis la bibliothèque sera sur votre gauche, juste après le café.

Dialogue 5:

  • Q: Excusez-moi, je cherche l’école primaire.
  • A: L’école primaire ? Continuez tout droit et prenez la première à gauche. Vous ne pouvez pas la manquer, elle est à côté du parc.

Translation :

Dialogue 1:

  • Q: Excuse me, where is the nearest beach?
  • A: Go straight ahead, then take the third street on the right. The beach is right there.

Dialogue 2:

  • Q: Can you tell me how to get to the supermarket from here?
  • A: Of course, go straight ahead to the square, then turn left. The supermarket is opposite the post office.

Dialogue 3:

  • Q: Where is the hospital, please?
  • A: The hospital is behind the train station. Take this street all the way to the end, then turn right

Dialogue 4:

  • Q: How can I get to the library from here?
  • A: Go straight for two blocks, then the library will be on your left, just after the café.

Dialogue 5:

  • Q: Excuse me, I’m looking for the elementary school.
  • A: The elementary school? Go straight ahead and take the first on the left. You can’t miss it, it’s next to the park.


  • Directions in French
  • French location vocabulary
  • Asking for directions French
  • French travel phrases
  • Learn French directions