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verb prendre

Verb “Prendre” (To Take)

Lesson on the Verb “Prendre” (To Take)

Conjugation of “Prendre”

Below is a table showing how to conjugate the French verb “prendre” (to take) in the present tense, along with the pronunciation for each form. This will help you pronounce these forms correctly.

Person Present Tense Pronunciation
I (Je) prends [ pʀɑ̃ ]
You (Tu) prends [ pʀɑ̃ ]
He/She/It (Il/Elle/On) prend [ pʀɑ̃ ]
We (Nous) prenons [ pʀɘnɔ̃ ]
You (Vous) prenez [ pʀɘne ]
They (Ils/Elles) prennent [ pʀɛn ]

Definitions and Examples

1) To grasp or take something, to keep with oneself, to make one’s own

Examples:

  • Je prends le livre sur la table.     I take the book on the table.
  • Tu prends ta veste avant de sortir.     You take your jacket before going out.

2) To take something from someone, to appropriate, to steal

Examples:

  • Il prend le stylo de son ami.     He takes his friend’s pen.
  • Elle prend la place de son collègue.     She takes her colleague’s place.

3) To consume, to eat, to drink (e.g., to have a dessert), to swallow medication

Examples:

  • Nous prenons du café au petit déjeuner.      We have coffee for breakfast.
  • Vous prenez votre médicament après le dîner.     You take your medicine after dinner.

4) To use a means of transport (e.g., to take the train)

Examples:

  • Je prends le bus pour aller au travail.       I take the bus to go to work.
  • Ils prennent l’avion pour Paris.       They take the plane to Paris.

5) To buy, to choose

Examples:

  • Tu prends une robe bleue pour la fête.        You choose a blue dress for the party.
  • Elle prend deux kilos de pommes au marché.     She buys two kilograms of apples at the market.

6) To catch a cold

Examples:

  • Il prend froid après être sorti sous la pluie.     He catches a cold after going out in the rain.
  • Vous prenez facilement froid en hiver.     You easily catch cold in winter.

7) To write something down (e.g., to take notes)

Examples:

  • Nous prenons des notes pendant la conférence.     We take notes during the lecture.
  • Elles prennent l’adresse de l’hôtel.        They write down the hotel’s address.

This lesson demonstrates the versatility of the verb “prendre” in French, highlighting its varied uses in everyday language. As you practice these examples, remember the different contexts in which “prendre” can be used.

Hobbies French

Hobbies and Leisure Activities in French

Hobbies and Leisure Activities in French: A Guide for English Speakers

Introduction

Diving into the world of hobbies and leisure activities in French is an exciting step towards broadening your conversational topics. This lesson focuses on introducing a variety of pastimes, providing you with the vocabulary and phrases needed to discuss your interests and inquire about others’ in French.

French free lesson

Key Vocabulary and Phrases

Common Hobbies

  • La lecture (Reading)
    • J’aime lire des romans. (I like to read novels.)
  • Le sport (Sports)
    • Je joue au football le weekend. (I play soccer on weekends.)
    • J’aime jouer au baseball avec mes amis. I like playing baseball with my friends.”
  • La musique (Music)
    • Elle joue du piano. (She plays the piano.)
  • Le cinéma (Movies/Cinema)
    • Nous allons souvent au cinéma. (We often go to the movies.)
  • La cuisine (Cooking)
    • Il adore cuisiner des plats italiens. (He loves to cook Italian dishes.)
    • J’aime beaucoup faire de la pâtisserie. ( I like baking. )
  • Le voyage (Traveling)
    • Ils voyagent chaque année en Espagne. (They travel to Spain every year.)

Expressing Likes and Dislikes

  • J’adore… (I love…)
  • J’aime… (I like…)
  • Je n’aime pas… (I don’t like…)
  • Je déteste… (I hate…)

Asking About Hobbies

  • Quel est ton passe-temps préféré ? (What is your favorite hobby?)
  • Qu’est-ce que tu aimes faire pendant ton temps libre ? (What do you like to do in your free time?)
  • Tu joues d’un instrument de musique ? (Do you play a musical instrument?)

Verbs Related to Hobbies and Preferences

French Verb English Translation
aimer to like/love
adorer to love/adore
détester to hate
préférer to prefer
voyager to travel
cuisiner to cook
lire to read
jouer to play
nager to swim
courir to run
faire de la pâtisserie to bake
aller au cinéma to go to the movies
peindre to paint
écrire to write

Nouns Related to Hobbies and Activities

French Noun English Translation
la musique music
le sport sports
la lecture reading
la pâtisserie baking/pastry
le cinéma cinema/movies
la randonnée hiking
le dessin drawing
la danse dance
le football soccer/football
le baseball baseball
la marche walking
le vélo biking/cycling

This structured approach provides a clear division between actions (verbs) you might enjoy or dislike and the subjects or activities (nouns) you might be talking about. Adding verbs like “faire de la pâtisserie” (to bake) and “aller au cinéma” (to go to the movies) alongside hobbies such as “le football” (soccer/football) and “la marche” (walking) enriches your ability to discuss a wide range of leisure activities in French.


In French, expressing preferences, likes, and dislikes involves using the expressions “j’adore” (I love), “j’aime” (I like), “je n’aime pas” (I don’t like), and “je déteste” (I hate). These expressions can be followed by either a noun or a verb in the infinitive form, depending on what you’re referring to. Here’s how to use them grammatically:

➡︎ Followed by a Noun

When followed by a noun, these expressions directly state your preference towards a specific thing, activity, or concept.

  • J’adore le chocolat. (I love chocolate.)
  • J’aime la musique. (I like music.)
  • Je n’aime pas le froid. (I don’t like the cold.)
  • Je déteste les mensonges. (I hate lies.)

➡︎ Followed by a Verb in the Infinitive

When followed by a verb in the infinitive form, these expressions describe your feeling about an action or activity.

  • J’adore voyager. (I love to travel.)
  • J’aime lire. (I like to read.)
  • Je n’aime pas courir. (I don’t like to run.)
  • Je déteste attendre. (I hate to wait.)

📌 Key Points to Remember

  • When expressing likes or dislikes about a general activity or concept, use the infinitive form of the verb.
  • To talk about specific items, people, or concepts, follow the expressions with a noun.
  • The verb “aimer” can also be used in a more nuanced way to express love towards people, in which case it’s often used in the simple present tense (e.g., “J’aime mes amis” – I love my friends).

By understanding how to correctly use these expressions with both nouns and verbs, you can more accurately and richly express your preferences and feelings in French.


Exercises

Exercise 1: Translate to French

Translate the following sentences into French.

  1. I love to travel during my vacation.
  2. She hates cooking, but she loves baking.
  3. We like to watch movies on Friday nights.
answers
  1. J’adore voyager pendant mes vacances.
  2. Elle déteste cuisiner, mais elle adore faire de la pâtisserie.
  3. Nous aimons regarder des films les vendredis soirs.

Exercise 2: Fill in the Blank

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate hobby or leisure activity.

  1. J’adore _______ les magazines de mode. (I love reading fashion magazines.)
  2. Il déteste _______ mais adore _______ à la plage. (He hates swimming but loves sunbathing at the beach.)
  3. Nous aimons _______ dans les parcs. (We like walking in local parks.)
answers
  1. J’adore lire les magazines de mode. (I love reading fashion magazines.)
  2. Il déteste nager mais adore bronzer à la plage. (He hates swimming but loves sunbathing at the beach.)
  3. Nous aimons marcher dans les parcs. (We like walking in parks)

Exercise 3: Expressing Your Interests

Using the vocabulary provided, write sentences expressing your hobbies or asking someone about theirs.

  1. Write a sentence about a hobby you love.
  2. Ask a question about someone’s leisure activities.
answers

Exemples :

  1. J’aime lire.
  2. Est-ce que tu aimes lire ?

Conclusion

Discussing hobbies and leisure activities in French not only enriches your vocabulary but also opens up new avenues for engaging conversations. Practice these phrases and exercises to confidently talk about your interests and inquire about others’. Remember, sharing hobbies can be a great way to connect with native speakers and other learners alike. Bonne chance!

discussing weather in french

Discussing Weather in French

Lesson 20: Discussing Weather in French

Introduction

Discussing weather in French is today’s focus in Lesson 20! This lesson, designed for English speakers, aims to enhance conversational skills in French. Learning to talk about the weather is essential for daily communication and planning activities. Welcome!

French free lesson

Discussing the Weather in French

Key Vocabulary

FRench Phrase English Translation
Il fait chaud. It’s hot.
Il fait froid. It’s cold.
Il fait beau. The weather is nice.
Il fait mauvais. The weather is bad.
Il y a du brouillard. There is fog.
Il y a du vent. It’s windy.
Il y a du soleil. It’s sunny.
Il pleut. It’s raining.
Il neige. It’s snowing.
Il pleut des cordes. It’s pouring rain.
Il fait lourd. It’s muggy/humid.
Il gèle. It’s freezing.
Le ciel est couvert. The sky is overcast.
Il y a des éclairs. There are lightning flashes.
Il tonne. It’s thundering.

Here’s how to answer the question ‘What’s the weather like today?

Il fait quel temps aujourd’hui ? What’s the weather like today?

1.1 Using “Il fait” for General Conditions

  • Il fait chaud. (It’s hot.)
  • Il fait très chaud en été. (It’s very hot in summer.)
  • Il fait chaud aujourd’hui, n’est-ce pas ? (It’s hot today, isn’t it?)
  • Il fait froid. (It’s cold.)
  • Il fait trop froid pour sortir sans manteau. (It’s too cold to go out without a coat.)
  • Il fait froid ce matin. (It’s cold this morning.)
  • Il fait beau. (The weather is nice.)
  • Il fait beau au printemps. (The weather is nice in spring.)
  • Quand il fait beau, j’aime aller à la plage. (When the weather is nice, I like to go to the beach.)
  • Il fait mauvais. (The weather is bad.)
  • Il fait mauvais toute la semaine. (The weather is bad all week.)
  • Il fait souvent mauvais en novembre. (The weather is often bad in November.)

 

1.2 Using “Il y a” for Specific Phenomena

  • Il y a du brouillard. (There is fog.)
  • Il y a du brouillard sur la route ce matin. (There is fog on the road this morning.)
  • Il y a souvent du brouillard en automne. (There is often fog in autumn.)
  • Il y a du vent. (It’s windy.)
  • Il y a beaucoup de vent aujourd’hui. (It’s very windy today.)
  • Il y a du vent, ferme la fenêtre. (It’s windy, close the window.)
  • Il y a du soleil. (It’s sunny.)
  • Il y a du soleil, mettons de la crème solaire. (It’s sunny, let’s put on some sunscreen.)
  • Il y a enfin du soleil après une semaine de pluie. (There is finally sun after a week of rain.)

1.3 Using “Il + Verb” for Weather Actions

discussing weather in French

  • Il pleut. (It’s raining.)
  • Il pleut, prends ton parapluie. (It’s raining, take your umbrella.)
  • Il pleut des cordes. (It’s pouring rain.)
  • Il neige. (It’s snowing.)
  • Il neige, l’école est annulée. (It’s snowing, school is cancelled.)
  • Regarde comme il neige ! (Look how it’s snowing!)

These expanded examples provide a richer understanding of how to discuss various weather conditions in French, adding depth to your vocabulary and conversational skills. Practice using these phrases to become more comfortable talking about the weather in French.

The Weather in French : conclusion

Discussing weather in French is a fundamental skill that will help you in daily conversations, making plans, and understanding forecasts. Practice these exercises to improve your fluency in discussing weather. Bonne chance!


Keywords: Discussing weather in French, French time expressions, Learn French, French vocabulary, French for English speakers

days week french

Lesson 3 – Days of the Week and Months of the Year in french

French for Beginners: Lesson 3 – Days of the Week and Months of the Year

Welcome to Lesson 3! In this lesson, we’ll learn about the days of the week and the months of the year in French. Knowing these is essential for planning, scheduling, and discussing dates. Let’s dive in!

Objectives:

Learn the days of the week in French.
Learn the months of the year in French.
Practice pronunciation.

Understand basic usage in conversation.

1. Days of the Week in French
The French week starts with Monday, not Sunday. Here are the days:

days in french Prononciation (english) IPA days in english
Lundi lun-dee lœ̃di Monday
Mardi mar-dee maʁdi Tuesday
Mercredi mare-cruh-dee mɛʁkʁədi Wednesday
Jeudi juh-dee ʒødi Thursday
Vendredi vahn-druh-dee vɑ̃dʁədi Friday
Samedi sam-dee samdi Saturday
Dimanche dee-monsh dimɑ̃ʃ Sunday

📌 Pronunciation Tip:
The final ‘i’ in “lundi”, “mardi”, “mercredi”, etc., is pronounced like the ‘ee’ in ‘see’.


2. Months of the Year in French

Now let’s learn the months of the year:

French Month Phonetic Spelling (English) IPA English Translation
Janvier zhan-vee-ay ʒɑ̃vje January
Février fay-vree-ay fevʁije February
Mars mars maʁs March
Avril ah-vreel avʁil April
Mai may me May
Juin zhwan ʒɥɛ̃ June
Juillet zhwee-ay ʒɥijɛ July
Août oot ut August
Septembre sep-tahm-bruh sɛptɑ̃bʁ September
Octobre ok-toh-bruh ɔktɔbʁ October
Novembre no-vahm-bruh nɔvɑ̃bʁ November
Décembre day-sahm-bruh desɑ̃bʁ December

Practice Exercise

Answer the following questions in French

  1. What is the date today?
  2. When is your birthday?
  3. What day is it tomorrow?
  4. Can you tell me the date of the next meeting?
  5. What was the date yesterday?
  6. On what date did we meet last time?
  7. How do you say “March 15th” in French?
  8. Is April 21st a holiday in France?
  9. What date is the French National Day?
  10. Can you write the date of the first day of winter?

Real-Life Application
Use the French days and months to plan your week. Try writing your schedule in French, or think about your plans for the week and say them in French.

Conclusion
Well done on completing Lesson 3! You’re now familiar with the French days and months, which are essential for daily conversations. In the next lesson, we’ll focus on personal pronouns and the verb “être” (to be). À bientôt!


Key words : days week french